Basic Render Outputs
These are the different Basic render outputs.
Tip: To learn more about render output properties, see Render Outputs.
The Alpha output calculates the opacity of the objects based on their material settings to determine an alpha (transparency) value. With this setting, an environment does not contribute to the alpha channel, so when the final image is viewed with an application that supports alpha channels, only the rendered geometry is visible. If an object or surface has a level of transparency, it is also being considered in the alpha channel. This way, it is possible to render images with semi-transparent elements that can easily be composited over other backdrops in an application such as Nuke, After Effects or Photoshop. For best results, when compositing multiple images, the Unpremultiply Colors option in the corresponding Final Color output should be enabled. For more information on this option, see Render Outputs. There are also additional options for uniquely controlling how rendering evaluates transparency for images in the Alpha Type item.
The Depth output encodes the distance from the camera item to the first surface intersection (transparency is ignored) and generates a grayscale Z-Buffer image that represents the measured distance in meters. When Remap Pixel Values is enabled, you can alternately define a Maximum Depth distance, remapping the values to fit within the 0-1 value range with white at the camera ramping toward full black at the defined Maximum Depth value. The Depth output is useful for calculating depth-of-field in an external application or for composing a fog effects into a rendered scene.
The Final Color output represents the full evaluation of all the settings of the Shader Tree, leveraging all visible material and texture layers as well as the shader and the render item settings. The Final Color render output produces a full floating point accurate high dynamic range image (unless the Clamp Colors option is enabled, see Render Outputs).
The Motion Vector output encodes the direction and speed of each pixel into an RGB value, where red and green represent horizontal and vertical movement respectively. This allows the resulting Motion Vector image to be used for further processing in an external application, using them as an input to generate motion blur for a rendered frame as a post production effect. This can greatly enhance the smoothness of motion blur and save considerable rendering time when processed this way, however, since each pixel can only have a single color value (and therefore a single motion vector), incorrect result is produced when motion blurring transparent or translucent objects moving in a scene.
Render outputs are incredibly useful when you wish to compose the generated layers individually in an external application, such as Photoshop, After Effects, Nuke or Fusion. This can aid in tweaking color, among other settings as a post process without requiring additional render time. The question most often asked is which render outputs combine to equal the final color output. The answer is Diffuse Shading (Total) + Transparent Shading + Reflection Shading + Specular Shading + Subsurface Shading + Luminous Shading = Final Color, where each successive layer is added to the layer below in the composition (also called linear dodge). Rendering each layer at a gamma of 1.0 and then combining them and adding the gamma back to the fully composed layers produce the best results.
You may also render out simultaneous alpha channels for each item in a scene by creating item masks for each and placing a render output set to Effect > Alpha (or simply adding them to existing Shader Tree masks). Then each time a render command is invoked, all active render outputs get generated simultaneously.